Adoption | Wikipedia audio article
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
00:00:53 1 History
00:01:02 1.1 Antiquity
00:03:07 1.2 Middle Ages to modern period
00:06:57 1.3 Modern period
00:13:44 2 Contemporary adoption
00:13:54 2.1 Forms of adoption
00:15:49 2.2 How adoptions originate
00:20:51 2.3 How adoptions can disrupt
00:21:50 2.4 Adoption by same-sex couples
00:22:17 3 Parenting of adoptees
00:22:27 3.1 Parenting
00:28:00 3.2 Effects on the original parents
00:30:59 4 Development of adoptees
00:31:57 4.1 Identity
00:34:43 4.2 Influences
00:40:59 4.3 Public perception of adoption
00:42:58 5 Reform and reunion trends
00:46:21 5.1 Reunion
00:49:59 5.2 Controversial adoption practices
00:52:24 5.3 Adoption terminology
00:53:18 5.3.1 Positive adoptive language (PAL)
00:54:49 5.3.2 Honest adoption language (HAL)
00:56:03 5.3.3 Inclusive adoption language
00:57:47 6 Cultural variations
00:58:32 7 Adoption as a human right
00:59:07 8 Homecoming Day
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"The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing."
Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another, usually a child, from that person's biological or legal parent or parents, and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents.
Unlike guardianship or other systems designed for the care of the young, adoption is intended to effect a permanent change in status and as such requires societal recognition, either through legal or religious sanction. Historically, some societies have enacted specific laws governing adoption; where others have tried to achieve adoption through less formal means, notably via contracts that specified inheritance rights and parental responsibilities without an accompanying transfer of filiation. Modern systems of adoption, arising in the 20th century, tend to be governed by comprehensive statutes and regulations.